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Why is a Credit Score Important?

Why is a Credit Score Important?

In todays tough economic times, where every person is being evaluated by a number (Credit Score), having a good Credit Score is an essential to enjoy an appropriate standard of living. You need to have a good credit just to rent an apartment, rent a car, open a bank account, get insurance, get a job, buy a car or obtain a home mortgage. Depending on your Credit you will be denied, will be offered a good rate, or will be offered with higher than normal rate/down payment, etc. Like most cases in finance, those with the lowest risks get to pay the lowest rates.

To mortgage lenders, your credit score represents your likelihood of making on-time mortgage payments for the next couple of years. Therefore, it is very important to have a good/excellent credit history and credit score. You also need to know what is in your credit reports and what your credit score is.

Credit scores play a major role in determining for which mortgage product or loan you will qualify, and to which rate you will be assigned by your lender.

In April 2008, both Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac introduced something called Loan-Level Pricing Adjustments (LLPAs), also known as Loan Delivery Fees. Loan-level pricing adjustments are percentage of a loan amount added to a loan fee, based on a specific borrowers FICO credit score and LTV.

Table 1 shows these LLPA adjustment based on the LTV and Credit Score:

Table 1: LLPA by Credit Score/LTV

 

LLPAs by LTV Range

<=60.00%

60.01-70.00%

70.01-75.00%

75.01-80.00%

80.01-85.00%

85.01-90.00%

90.01-95.00%

95.01-97.00%

97.01-100%

Credit Score

 

>= 740

-0.250%

0.000%

0.000%

0.250%

0.250%

0.250%

0.250%

0.250%

N/A

720 739

-0.250%

0.000%

0.250%

0.500%

0.500%

0.500%

0.500%

0.500%

N/A

700 719

-0.250%

0.500%

0.750%

1.000%

1.000%

1.000%

1.000%

1.000%

N/A

680 699

0.000%

0.500%

1.250%

1.750%

1.500%

1.250%

1.250%

1.000%

N/A

660 679

0.000%

1.000%

2.000%

2.500%

2.750%

2.250%

2.250%

1.750%

N/A

640 659

0.500%

1.250%

2.500%

3.000%

3.250%

2.750%

2.750%

2.250%

N/A

620 639

0.500%

1.500%

3.000%

3.000%

3.250%

3.250%

3.250%

3.000%

N/A

< 620

0.500%

1.500%

3.000%

3.000%

3.250%

3.250%

3.250%

3.250%

N/A

  Source: https://www.fanniemae.com/content/pricing/llpa-matrix.pdf   Published 9/20/2012

Note: For loans with LTV > 80%, additional fee known as PMI (Premium Mortgage Insurance) will be added to the Mortgage payment.

 

 Table 2: Affect of FICO Credit Score on Loan-Level Pricing Adjustment Percentage of the Loan Amount  
Assuming 20% down (LTV =80%)

FOCO_LLPA_PCT_Fee

Table 3: Affect of FICO Credit Score on Loan-Level Pricing Adjustment Added Fee
Assuming Purchase Price of $300,000 and 20% down (LTV =80%)

FOCO_LLPA_Added_Fee

 

For a given LTV (Loan-To-Value):

         The higher your credit score, the lower your Loan-Level Pricing Adjustments (LLPA) rate will be.

         The higher your credit score, the lower your LLPA Added Fee + Mortgage Insurance will be.

         The higher your credit score, the lower your mortgage or interest rate will be.

          

Example 1: A home purchase at $300,000 with 20% down carries a Mortgage loan of $240,000. LLPA added loan fees which are due at closing for borrows with credit score of 741 and 655 are $600 and $7,200, respectively. As you see, the borrower with lower credit score of 655 will pay extra amount of $6,600 compare to the borrower with credit score of 741. This shows an example of a negative impact or cost of a low credit score on a mortgage loan.

Example 2: the monthly payment (Principal + Interest) of a $250,000 loan with 30-year fixed rate of 3.5% and 4.5% would be $1266.71 and 1122.61, respectively. 1% increase in the interest rate in our example will cost the borrower an additional $51,876 in his/her 30-year loan term.

Conclusion:

Credit scores play a major role in determining for which mortgage product or loan you will qualify, and to which rate you will be assigned by your lender.

The higher your credit score, the lower your mortgage or interest rate will be.

If you plan to use a mortgage for your next home purchase or buy a car, you will want to keep your credit scores as high as possible.

Click What is a Credit Score to see how you can access to your credit score.
Click this link to see What makes up a credit score and tips on how to improve it.

By the Way, time is 11:00 AM, do you know what your credit score is?

Contact us about your Credit Score Questions

Equal Housing Opportunity Commission Bahman Davani REALTOR

Bahman Davani, CM
Broker/REALTOR
ABR, GRI, CDPE, SFR,
TAHS, eAgentC, and
CCIM Candidate

Office: (214) 457-7055
Cell: (214) 457-7055
Fax: (972) 596-7984

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Plano, TX 75026-1665

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Texas Five Star Realty
P.O. Box 261665
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, TX 75026 US
Phone: 214-457-7055
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