Persian New Year No-Rooz, Wednesday March 20th, 2013 at
6:02:13 AM CST
“No-Rooz”, or in many variations of its spelling; NoRooz, NoRouz,
NowRouz, etc., is the Farsi word (Persian language) meaning the
“New-Day” signifying the first day of the Persian New year.
“No-Rooz” is the major holiday of the Iranian people, which are
celebrating for 13 days. Schools,
Colleges and universities and most of the workforce are off for
these thirteen days enjoying their long vacation, traveling,
visiting family and friends, etc.
starts on the exact moment
the spring starts. Spring is a symbolic representation of a new
beginning. Spring is seen as a time of growth, renewal, of new life
(both plant and animal) being born, new beginnings, blossoming life
and a love in the air.
the Solar Calendar which is based on the rotation of the earth
around the Sun. The moment the Sun crosses the
celestial equator and equalizes night and day is
calculated exactly every year and that is the beginning of the
spring and therefore beginning of the Persian New Year (“No-Rooz”).
The calculation is very exact and accurate up to a second and it is
based on one complete round rotation of the Earth around the Sun,
which is 365 days, 6 hours, 48 minutes and some Seconds.
Time of the Iranians New Year – “Saaleh Tahweele”
Due to the
nature of being so exact, the beginning of the spring or the first
day/time of the Persian New Year will not happen on the same day and
time every year. This usually occurs on March 21 or the
previous/following day depending on when and where it is observed.
The Iranian year is also different than the year in USA.
The date, time
and the Year of the upcoming Iranian New Year, in USA for the year
of 2013, is Wednesday March 20th at 6:02:13 AM in Dallas,
Texas Time (CST), and the Iranian year would be 1392. This is the
exact moment of the Spring Equinox,
when the sun is positioned directly over the equator of our tilted
What Iranians do before, at and during No-Rooz?
Before the New Year:
Cleaning the house entirely, buy new clothes, etc.
‘Chahar Shanbeh Soori”: Celebration of the
“FESTIVAL OF FIRE”
which will be occurred in the last Tuesday night of
the Iranian Year.
Due the size of explanation of this event, please see my other
Setting up a Table of “Sofrehe Haft Seen”:
Sofreh means Table,
Haft means 7, and
Seen mean Alphabet letter “S”.
The entire word means a Table Containing 7 special items starting
with letter “S” in Farsi.
Each of these 7 items represents good fortune, health, well-being,
happiness, prosperity, life-rebirth and posterity. These are (as
“Sabzeh” means Sprouts, usuall wheat or lentil
“Samanu” is a pudding in which
common wheat sprouts are transformed and given new life as a sweet,
creamy pudding and represents the ultimate sophistication of Persian
means apple and represents health and beauty
the sweet, dry fruit of the Lotus tree, represents love. It has been
said that when lotus tree is in full bloom, its fragrance and its
fruit make people fall in love and become oblivious to all else.
means vinegar, represents age and patience
means, represents medicine
“Sekeh” means coin, represents good fortune and wealth.
In addition to
the above 7 “S” items, almost all household have other things
starting with “S” and for other purposes: such as:
Quran or a poem book by famous Iranian poet, Hafez
“Ajill” a mixture of many Persian Nuts
Mixture of many Cookies, Chocolates, Persian Bakery and
“Sabzi Polo Ba Mahi” for the dinner the night before the new
Traditionally, Iranians have a big new year’s dinner. It will
usually include, in addition to many other foods and deserts,
special fish dish (white fish plus Rice with special herbs and,
greens (known as Sabzi Polo ba Mahi), Kookoo Sabzi (made up with
spinach, special herbs and eggs).
At the New Year Time (“Saaleh Tahweel”):
When the New
Year starts family members cheers, and hug each other and wish them
a happy new year. The Farsi word for that is “Eideh Shoma Mobarak”.
Also, older people give brand new paper money to the younger and
During the New Year Holiday (After “Saaleh Tahweel”):
are off for thirteen days, which they use to visit family,
relatives, friends, or even taking vacation going out of
town/country, etc. Pastries,
nuts, and fruit will be on the tables for family and guests to
The last day of New Year Holiday (“Sizdeh Bedar”):
The last day
of the Persian New Year (No-Rooz) holiday, 13th day, is
called “Sizdeh Bedar”. In many culture, as in Iran, number 13 is
bad luck, trouble, unlucky number. On the 13th day of the
New Year, people go to parks or county sides for picnic and enjoy
the day and throw the 13 out. At the end of the 13th day,
people, throw out their “Sabzi” that they had made prior to the New
Year into the field or streams.
young single ladies that wish to get marry by next year, they will
tie the grasses and will sing a song in Farsi “Sizdeh Bedar Sizdeh
Bedar, Saaleh Digar Khaneheh Shohar” wishing Sizdeh bedar, next year
I be married and be in my husband house.
UN's General Assembly in 2010 recognized the International Day
of Nowruz, describing it a spring festival of
Persian origin which has been celebrated for over 3,000 Years.
No-Rooz (Nowrūz) was officially registered on the
UNESCO List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
the Time during Persian New Year Holiday:
major city or Metropolis in US and all around the word organized
special events; shows and concerts with famous singers, dancers,
special foods, etc.
These Persian New Year related events are scheduled in Dallas Fort
Tuesday, March 12
Char Shanbeh Soori - Ancient Persian Fire Festival
Location: Oak Point
Park. 2801 E Spring Creek Parkway in Plano, Texas, 75074
Presented by: Texas Persian Cultural Center
6 - 9 pm 972-492-0604
Tuesday, March 12
Char Shanbeh Soori - Festival
of Fire after the Picnic
details: 10 PM – to 2 AM
DallasPersians.com Proudly Presents
FESTIVAL OF FIRE ★•★•★•★•★•★•★
McKinney Avenue Dallas, TX 75204
Contact Babak Davani,
Saturday, March 9, 2013: No-Rooz Celebration at PCC Starts 7:30 PM
Texas Persian Cultural Center
525 W. Arapaho Rd., Suite #10
Richardson, Texas 75080.
Saturday, March 16, 2013: A Private Dream Play Starts 8 PM
Majestic Theater, Information: 214-207-4914
Saturday, March 30, 2013: NowRuz Festival
5PM to 8PM Children Programs
8PM to 11PM Parents & Family Programs
2000 E. Spring Creek Pkwy Plano
Information: (972) 233-0505